Coxa Vara: a novel measurement technique in skeletal dysplasias
Source/Author: Oh CW, Thacker MM, Mackenzie WG, Riddle EC
Journal article for orthopedists who follow patients with SEDC and SEMD. 
Full text article available by contacting [email protected]

Hatchbacks: shoes for use with AFOs

Ilizarov appartus
Source/Author: Orthopedics department, BC Children's Hospital 
Web-based (lay)
Overview in lay terms of this orthopedic device including its uses, how it works, and the experience of patient put in one of these.

Laminectomies and achondroplasia: does body mass index influence surgical outcomes?
Source/Author: Ain MC, Chang TL, Schkrohowsky JG. 
Full text 
Medical journal article that shows that patients with higher BMIs do not have greater risk for complication over those with lower BMIs.

Source/Author: Klane White, MD 
Support Group
Overview of orthopedic issues affecting patients with MPS disorders. Click on booklet title to download pdf.

Pediatrics: Bow Legs & Knock Knees
Source/Author: Orthopedics Department, University of California at San Francisco 
Web-based (lay)
Overview of bow legs and knock knees - 2 conditions of the legs that commonly occur in skeletal dysplasias.

Pedicle and spinal canal parameters of the lower thoracic and lumbar vertebrae in the achondroplast population.
Source/Author: Srikumaran U, Woodard EJ, Leet AI, Rigamonti, D, Sponseller PD, Ain MC.
Medical journal article about the spine in achondroplasia. 
Full text article available by contacting [email protected]

Postlaminectomy kyphosis in the skeletally immature achondroplast.
Source/Author: Ain MC, Shirley ED, Pirouzmanesh A, Hariri A, Carson BS. 
Article on the risk of the development of kyphosis after laminectomies in young patients with achondroplasia. 
Full text article available by contacting [email protected]

Rates of perioperative complications associated with laminectomies in patients with achondroplasia.
Source/Author: Ain MC, Chang TL, Schkrohowsky JG, Carlisle ES, Hodor M, Rigamonti D. 
Article discussing the risks of laminectomy surgeries in patients with achondroplasia.

Spinal deformity in short-stature syndromes.
Source/Author: Tolo VT. Instr Course Lect. 1990;39:399-405.
Review of the spinal problems that can occur in conditions of short stature.

Total Hip Arthroplasty in Diastrophic Dysplasia
Source/Author: Ilkka Helenius, MD, PhD, Ville Remes, MD, PhD, Kaj Tallroth, MD, PhD, Jari Peltonen, MD, PhD, Mikko Poussa, MD, PhD and Timo Paavilainen, MD, PhD 
Full text
In depth medical journal article about this group's extensive experience with hip replacement in diastrophic dysplasia.

Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients with Diastrophic Dysplasia
Source/Author: Helenius I, Remes V, Lohman M, Tallroth K, Poussa M, Helenius M, Paavilainen T. 
Full text
In depth, medical journal article on knee replacement surgery in diastrophic dysplasia.

What to Expect After Hip Surgery
Source/Author: Orthopedics department, BC Children's Hospital
Web-based (lay)
How families can care for their children after hip surgery.

Orthopedic aspects of skeletal dysplasia in children.
Source/Author: Morcuende JA. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1993 Jun;5(3):363-7. Abstract 
Discusses orthopedic issues and possible treatments for the skeletal dysplasias, including extensive limb lengthening, growth hormone therapy and enzyme replacement therapy.

The orthopaedic manifestations of the Langer-Giedion syndrome.
Source/Author: Bauermeister S, Letts M.